Causes and Treatment Options for Bunions

Bunions are bony bumps that form at the base of the big toe and are a common foot condition that can cause pain and discomfort. Bunions typically develop due to a combination of factors. Genetics plays a role, and if bunions run in your family, you may be more susceptible. Wearing ill-fitting shoes, especially those with narrow toe boxes or high heels, can exacerbate the condition. Overpronation, when the foot rolls inward excessively, and certain medical conditions, such as arthritis, can contribute to bunion formation. Symptoms of bunions often include pain, swelling, and redness at the base of the big toe. The big toe may also lean toward the other toes or overlap them. Corns and calluses can develop where the big toe rubs against the adjacent toes. Treatment options for bunions consist of lifestyle changes, including wearing wider and more comfortable shoes, custom orthotics or bunion pads. In more severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to realign the toe joint. By understanding bunions and seeking appropriate care from a podiatrist, individuals can effectively manage their symptoms and maintain foot health. If you have developed a bunion, it is strongly suggested that you consult with this type of doctor who can help you to manage this condition.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact one of our podiatrists of Community Foot Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.


  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development


  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Beavercreek, Dayton, and Vandalia, OH . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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